Religious Coping among Adolescents

Principal Investigator: Dr. Jeff Bjorck
Student Investigators:
Carolyn Foley

Project Description

The project is addressing religious coping in adolescents using the Adolescent Religious Coping Scale (ARCS), a measure created by Dr. Bjorck and his team. Whereas a significant literature does address religious coping in adults, virtually none has focused systematically on adolescents. Initial findings showed that adolescents use both avoidant and approach religious coping. In addition, their strategies can be classified as active versus passive. Seven subscales were developed. Further, some strategies are generally associated with better functioning whereas others are generally linked with poorer functioning. Current research is considering longitudinal data, and preliminary findings suggest that religious coping can lead to changes in emotional functioning


Bjorck, J. P., Braese, R. W., Tadie, J. T., & Gililland, D. D. (2010). The Adolescent Religious Coping Scale: Development, validation, and cross-validation. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16 (3), 343-359.


Bjorck, J. P., Kim, G. S., Braese, R. W., & Gililland, D. (2008). The Adolescent Religious Support Scale: Initial Psychometrics. Poster presented at the 1st Annual Meeting of The Society for Spirituality, Theology, and Health, Durham, NC, June 25-27, 2008.

Bjorck, J. P., Braese, R. W., & Gililland, D. (2007). The Adolescent religious coping scale: Preliminary psychometric evaluation. Poster presented at the 115th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.

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Pasadena, CA 91182